According to Louis Massignon Al-Hallaj was born around AD in Tur a small town of Bayda district, in the center of the southern Iran,which. Abridged from the four-volume The Passion of al-Hallaj, one of the major Louis Massignon (), France’s most celebrated Islamic specialist in this. Louis Massignon (25 July – 31 October ) was a Catholic scholar of Islam and a . Louis Gardet, his friend and colleague, assisted in the posthumous edition of Louis Massignon’s work La passion de Hussayn Ibn Mansûr an-Hallâj.

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The Passion of Al-Hallaj: Mystic and Martyr of Islam – Louis Massignon – Google Books

Massignon believes revelation to occur in three stages, the first being that of the patriarchs, to whom natural religion was revealed, second the revelation of the Law to Moses and third, Christ and his revelation of Divine Love. Iranian Sufis births deaths Arabic-language writers Arabic-language poets People executed for blasphemy People executed for heresy Executed Massignnon people Iranian Sufi saints Sufi poets Medieval Persian people People executed by the Abbasid Caliphate 10th-century executions People from Fars Province 10th-century Iranian people 9th-century Iranian people.

However, Massignon did not follow Foucauld’s invitation to join him in his life as a hermit among the Tuareg in Tamanrasset.

Encyclopedia of Islam, 2nd ed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Massignon died on October 30, and was buried on November 6 in PordicBrittany. Al-Hallaj visited the cities of Qarmathians with mssignon disciples organizing a camel caravan. This article has multiple issues.

In this passage, Ghazali deplores that, in his time, Sufism tasawwuf has become obliterated altogether inmahaqa biDl-kulliyyah wa bat- ula because the majority of its adherents are idle youth who roam like stray animals and who dislike learning a craft, preferring instead to wear rags and to engage in begging and mendicancy as a way of life al-Ghazali, IhyaD culum al-din [Cairo, ], 2: This site uses Akismet to reduce spam.


Luis conclude, I believe that informed readers will find God’s Unruly Friends interesting, despite its shortcomings. He conducted research on various subjects related to Islam, such as the lives of the 10th century mystic al-HallajMuhammad’s companion Salman Pak and the significance of Abraham for the three Abrahamic religions.

They both shared the same sense of honour and betrayal after the collapse of the Arab-Anglo-French relationship on the disclosure of the Balfour Declaration. Some question whether al-Hallaj was executed for religious reasons as has been commonly assumed. It is also rooted in the life of Jesus Christ, “who asked for hospitality and died on a cross”, thereby accepting even the violence of his executioners. This page was last edited on 16 Octoberat Parker and Neal’s book documents the most distinctive aspect of this phenomenon as it is interpreted in the Egyptian cultural milieu: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

The conditions of Massignoh confinement varied depending on the relative sway his opponents and supporters held at the court, [8] but he was finally condemned to death in on the charge of being a Qarmatian rebel who wished to destroy the Kaababecause he had said “the important thing is to proceed seven times around the Kaaba of one’s heart.

This article’s lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents. List of sufis Notable early Notable modern Singers. At the Sykes-Picot Mission he became acquainted with T. He was said to have “lit four hundred oil lamps in Jerusalem’s Church of the Holy Sepulchre with his finger and extinguished an eternal Zoroastrian flame with the tug of a sleeve. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email.

Massignon’s faith can be characterized by the basic concepts of sacred hospitality and mystical substitution Arabic: In mortal danger, which filled him with extreme, physical anguish, he first felt remorse for his past life, made an abortive and tentative suicide attempt, fell into a delirium and a state of great agitation later diagnosed as either massinona stroke caused by sun and fatigue, or maniaand finally experienced the presence of God as a “visitation of a Stranger”, who overwhelmed him, leaving him passive and helpless, lous judged for having judged others harshly, and almost making him lose his very sense of identity.


He also saw massiggnon becoming a priest later in life as a way of offering up his life for others. HanifBiographical Encyclopaedia of Sufis: He himself interpreted the state of delirium as a “reaction of [his] brain to the forced conversion of [his] soul”.

Here, the prominent 11th-century author deplores the fact that, almost two centuries before the Mongol invasions and right in the midst of the Seljukid period, Sufi massinon and khanqdhs terms used by Ghazali have been taken over by wandering and mendicant dervishes.

But the result is really less an abridgement of the four volumes than a pre’cis of volume one, with some inter- mittent material from volume two, and we are warned about this in Mason’s foreword.

Louis Massignon

Likewise, his great openness for Islam was seen with skeptical eyes by many Catholics. Words of Ecstasy in Sufism. This concept also forms the basis for his strong belief in peaceful coexistence among different ethnicities, which made him speak out against the displacement of the Arabs from Palestine, as well as at least initially the decolonization of Algeria that implied the emigration of the French Algerians and Algerian Jews, the Pieds noirsand the end of a multi-religious Algeria.

He focused increasingly on the work of Mahatma Gandhiwhom he considered a saint. Massignon strongly felt that he was assisted in his encounter with God and in his conversion by the intercession of living and deceased friends, among them Joris-Karl Huysmans [5] and Charles de Foucauld —who had also experienced God in a Muslim context.

He did not only disapprove the marriage, also become very furious and begin to hate his famous disciple Al-Hallaj.