the further strengthening of the “Environment for Europe” process and to the results of the Fourth Ministerial Conference in Aarhus, Denmark, in June Convenzione per l’accesso alle informazioni, alla partecipazione e alla giustizia ambientale (Convenzione di Aarhus). ispra › Anno › Novembre › Aperta la consultazione pubblica sul quarto rapporto di aggiornamento sull’attuazione della Convenzione di Aarhus in Italia.

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As of May34 states plus the European Union have ratified the Protocol. Social and environmental accountability. Retrieved 18 August At the 2nd Internet Governance Forumheld on 12—15 Mayin Rio de Janeirothe Convention was presented as a model of public participation and transparency in the operation of international forums.

Journal for European Environmental and Planning Law.

Aarhus Convention

Colorado journal of International Environmental Law and Policy. The Aarhus Convention grants the public rights regarding access to information, public participation and access to justice, in governmental decision-making processes on matters concerning the local, national and transboundary environment. Parties to the Protocol need not be Parties to the Convention.

The risk could lay in a loss of time and resources that could be otherwise invested in defining the outcomes, [18] notwithstanding the fact that it renders the convention vague, weak and open to multiple interpretations.

Review of European Community and International Law. The objective of the Protocol is “to enhance public access to information through the establishment of coherent, nationwide pollutant release and transfer registers PRTRs. Other significant provisions are the “non-discrimination” principle all the information has to be provided without taking account of the nationality or citizenship of the applicantthe international nature of the convention, [9] [10] and the importance attributed to the promotion of environmental education of the public.


As of August41 communication from the public — many originating with non-governmental organizations — and one submission from a Party had been lodged with the Convention’s Compliance Committee.

Use dmy dates from October Environment portal Category Commons Organizations. It focuses on interactions between the public and public authorities.

The Aarhus Convention Compliance Committee was established to fulfill the requirement of Article 15 of the Convention on review convenziione compliance to establish arrangements for reviewing compliance with the Convention. A distinction is made between “the public”, all the civil society’s actors, and the “public concerned” precisely, those persons or organisations affected or interested in environmental decision-making e.

The Aarhus Convention is a multilateral environmental agreement through which the opportunities for citizens to access environmental information are increased and transparent and reliable regulation procedure is secured. Retrieved from ” https: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The relative differences between the participants and social groups’ resource inequalities also suggests the possibility for irregular and imbalanced environmental protection.

Among the latter is included the ECwho therefore has the task to ensure compliance not only within the member States but also for its institutions, all those bodies who carry out aaarhus administrative duties. However, in practise, as MoPs occur infrequently, Parties attempt to comply with the recommendations of the Convenzoone Committee. It is by far the most impressive elaboration of principle 10 of the Rio Declarationwhich stresses the need for citizens’ participation in ddi issues and for access to information on the environment held by public authorities.

This page was last edited on 29 Septemberat Information disclosure in Global Environmental Governance”.

Aarhus Convention – Wikipedia

The Compliance mechanism is unique in international environmental law, as it allows members of the public to communicate concerns about a Party’s compliance directly to a committee of international legal experts empowered to examine the merits of the case the Aarhus Convention Compliance Committee. As of Marchit has 47 parties—46 states and the European Union. Europe, globalization and sustainable development. The private sector, for which information disclosure depends on voluntary, non- mandatory practices, and bodies acting in a judicial or legislative capacity, are excluded.


Nonetheless, the Compliance Committee cannot issue binding decisions, but rather makes recommendations to the full Meeting of the Parties MoP. As such it is the most ambitious venture in the area of environmental democracy so far undertaken under the auspices of the United Nations.

Liechtenstein and Monaco have signed the convention but have not ratified it.

The Modern Law Review. PRTRs are inventories of pollution from industrial sites and other sources such as agriculture and transport.


This model embodies a perfect example of a multi-level governance. It entered into force on 30 October The Aarhus Convention is a rights-based approach: The Aarhus convention is a “proceduralisation of the environmental regulation”, [16] [17] it focuses more on setting and listing procedures rather than establishing standards and specifying outcomes, permitting the parties involved to interpret and implement the convention on the systems and circumstances that characterize their nation.

Public participation under the Aarhus convention”. The Protocol is in this sense a free-standing, international agreement.

The influence of the Aarhus Convention also extends beyond the environmental field. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Views Read Edit View history. The GMO amendment will enter into force 90 days after at least three-quarters of the Parties to the Aarhus Convention ratify it.

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