Apr 20, (a) KITAB-UL-HIND was written by AL-BIRUNI in Arabic language KITAB-UL- HIND is simple and lucid and a voluminous text divided into 80 chapters on. Sep 30, Most of the works of Al-Biruni are in Arabic. Kitab Tarikh Al-Hind and Aims of Writing it. Al-Biruni’s Kitab-ul-Hind is simple and lucid. It is divided. were incorporated in Mahmud’s Indian army; and Al- beruni—what Geography. Kitab-almanshurdt. marching to Hind or India proper we start from the.

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This article is about the medieval Muslim scientist and scholar. At the same time he pointed out that within Islam all men were considered equal, differing only in their observance of piety.

The Kitabul’ Hind-a Medieval Reality Check | This and That

Barriers obstructed Al-Biruni in understanding India. Early Medieval India and the Expansion of Islam. Create a free website or blog at WordPress. Ahmed, like modern anthropologists, he engaged in extensive participant observation with a given group of people, learnt their language and studied their primary berun, presenting his findings with objectivity and neutrality using cross-cultural comparisons.

Alhazen’s problem Islamic geometric patterns. Instead, he decided to document the more civilian and scholarly areas of Hindu life such as culture, science, and religion. According to their belief, there is no other country on earth but theirs, no other race of man but theirs, and no created beings besides them have any knowledge or science uo. Hindus are known to consider swarloka paradise as a higher state where a man lives in the state of bliss due to his previous good deeds. And not to mention Buddhist links.


These customs amuses and sometimes horrifies Alberuni. The Iranian scholar al-BIruni says that the Khwarazmian era began when the region was first settled and cultivated, this date berjni placed in the early 13th-century BC Frye, Richard Nelson February It is then still difficult to know in which area these books could have been part of a breuni tradition.

The result of his discovery of radius measurement was due to Biruni’s arduous research about the earth.

There he wrote his first important work, al-Athar al-Baqqiya ‘an al-Qorun al-Khaliyya literally: Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abu Rayhan al-Biruni. He had no direct knowledge of Greek but he was well acquainted with the works of Plato and other Greek masters.

Through The Eyes Of Travellers

In Meri, Josef W. Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physicsmathematicsastronomyand natural sciencesand also distinguished himself as a historianchronologist and linguist. In he traveled beruin South Asia and authored a study of Indian culture Tahqiq ma li-l-hind Al-Biruni collected books and studied with these Hindu scholars to become fluent in Sanskrit, discover and translate into Arabic the mathematics, science, medicine, astronomy and other fields of arts as kitabb in 11th-century India.

You claim Indian society was moribund and what not at that time but your claim is questionable. It was in Ghazni that Al-Biruni developed an interest in India.

In Ray, Himanshu Prabha. Al-Biruni collected books and studied with these Hindu scholars to become fluent in Sanskrit, discover and translate into Arabic the mathematics, science, medicine, astronomy and other fields of arts as practiced in 11th century India. He documented different bodies of water and other natural phenomena.


This yind That …. Therefore, a distinction between the conquered and unconquered world is needed in order to assess the depth of his information as well as the methodology he employed for gathering information.

In addition, his discovery of Indian culture is strongly linked with the rise of the Ghaznavid polity.

Biruni notes in the beginning of his book how the Muslims had a hard time learning about Hindu knowledge and culture. According to some, only Brahmanas and Kshatriya are capable of attaining moksha as others cannot learn the Vedas.

In his major extant astronomical work, the Mas’ud CanonBiruni utilizes his observational data to disprove Ptolemy’s immobile solar apogee.

The Making of the Indo-Islamic World. I will first concentrate on the Kashmir Valley, which was out of the conquered world, and then proceed to the evidence regarding areas belonging to the conquered world. He elaborated upon the fact that the earth was created from the elements and not solely through divine creation. Kashmiri scholars probably helped him in gathering information. You are commenting using your WordPress.

Al-Beruni and the Kitab al-Hind

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. InMahmud of Ghazni took Rey. In his Codex MasudicusAl-Biruni theorized the existence of a landmass along the vast ocean hjnd Asia and Europeor what is today known as the Americas. Alchemy and chemistry in medieval Islam.