Alexander Gerschenkron, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, Alexander Gerschenkron, Cambridge, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Pp. ($ ). Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. By Alexander Gerschenkron. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
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To achieve the readjustment of agriculture and to place it gerzchenkron a competitive basis he suggests the introduction of a government trade monopoly of the bulk of agricultural products in Germany.
Views Read Edit View history. It predicts that the more “economically backward” a country is, the more we will see:.
Alexander Gerschenkron – Wikipedia
The University experience was the first of these disappointments. There were no equivalent stages of economic growth in all participants. But they are implicit in his efforts to pose the advantages of backwardness. Should one opt against the pressures of increasing globalization, and return to the industrial protection and import substitution of the past?
A Latecomer Who Emerged Victorious Alexander Gerschenkron and his backwarvness have had, like excellent wine, a remarkable maturing in recent years. In other words, expenditure patterns change in response to changes in relative prices because consumers switch their expenditure towards relatively cheap products.
He married, had a child and took a position representing a Belgian motorcycle firm in Vienna. For methods employing a reference volume structure, a country’s share of total GDP will fall as the reference volume structure becomes less characteristic of its own volume structure.
The model is, of course, not without its limitations and its critics. Perepective, too, there were an impressive group of visitors to Cambridge who were invited to speak to the seminar, but never had permanence in its regular activities.
Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective — Alexander Gerschenkron | Harvard University Press
A Book of Essays. Pantheon, his grandson, we know much more about his life than we had previously.
What these persons gained was proximity to a stellar intellect, and close association with each other as they pursued their research. Perhaps the greatest one, however, was his inability to publish the great work, the big book that would summarize his brilliant insights into the process of European industrial change, the book that could and would influence political scientists and economists for generations to ij.
His acceptance marked the real beginning of his academic career that subsequently was to flourish over the rest of his perspectibe. Apparently disadvantageous initial conditions of access to capital could be overcome through new institutional arrangements. Gerschenkron kept to his Russian roots—in his economics, history and as a critic of Russian literature.
He was a Professor of Economics at Harvard for about 25 years. Few who were recruited could desist, regardless of initial inclinations that were not directed to economic history.
Review of Economics and Statistics. Academy of Political Science. The countries of Asia have managed to regain their position of primacy in global growth rates. England, the locus of the Industrial Revolution, could advance with free market guidance along the lines of Adam Smith. For others, his approach has often proved a useful starting point for the historical discussion of other parts perspectige the world, such as Henry Rosovsky did with Japan, and others, elsewhere.
He did well, advancing to head of the International Section, until the decisive moment came in If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. This was a period when relationships with the Soviet Union became central to the United States, and when there were few others with his knowledge, interest and immense capacity to immerse himself in any and all information.
France, beginning later, would need greater intervention to compensate for its limitations. Whatever the strength in economics had been with Bohm-Bawerk, Menger and others who had pioneered in the Austrian school, it was not there in the s.
But the very effort to construct an explicit, and testable, model is what differentiates him from his contemporaries.
Retrieved April 18, They also obtained a father figure whom they desperately sought to imitate in their own scholarship and subsequent teaching.
His early work often pursued the statistical tricks of Soviet planners. There, he taught economic history and Soviet studies. However, in the party ceased to exist after the Austrian Civil War. His seminar then, and the availability of fellowship support, attracted several Harvard students, and eeconomic some from neighboring MIT, to work in the field.
Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective
Agricultural and Applied Economics Association members Sign in via society site. In economic history he taught a year-long course required of all graduate economics students. The book was titled Industrialization in Two Systems and was published in His erudition and breadth gerschenjron knowledge became legendary in its time. It was just as the computer was evolving and econometrics was undergoing rapid advance.
There were four parts of that career that are relevant. InGerschenkron published a celebrated article, A Gerachenkron Index of Soviet Machinery Output, — toin which he introduced what is now called the Gerschenkron effect the difference between calculated Paasche and Laspeyres volume indexes. Leading universities absorbed his students, who almost always have had productive subsequent careers.